Exhaustion becomes... The Force
I chose this one because using the force is exhausting! It requires concentration and focus, and the more you use, the more powerful you are. But use too much and you'll collapse from the effort.
Madness becomes... Anger
This is the danger cycle for the nascent Jedi. To really unleash the power, it takes more than Discipline, it takes passion. Anakin was most powerful when he unleashed his anger, and the Emperor encouraged it.
Now, to add to this, the Fight and Flight responses need to change their flavour. The Fight response can remain the same, resulting in an unbridled massacre of men, women and children (for example). The Sandpeople don't stand a chance. Flight, however, is going to be characterised by terror. The darkness of the dark side is like staring into the abyss. It can be overwhelming to a Jedi not used to it, and will probably terrorise them.
Similarly to Don't Lose Your Head, you could choose to limit the number of Force boxes for a padawan and let them increase as the character gains more competence with the Force. It makes for interesting character progression, and also reflects the stronger temptation of the young Jedi to use their Anger to get more dice!